Deprivation of Rights

"Hitler had passed our house by car, and the people stood at Riemerplatz and roared all day," A people, a realm, a leader. " We just shut the windows." (Olga Willner)

On the evening of March 11, 1938, a crowd of people gathered at the Rathausplatz. Under "Sieg Heil" calls were first hoisted at the Rathausturm a small and finally a large Hakenkreuzfahne. On 14 March, the St. Pöltner newspaper was continued as a national socialist party magazine "in the spirit of the new era". She reported scornfully of private raids on Julius and Jakob Körner and Ernst Schulhof. Members of the St. Pöltner SS invaded the apartments of Julius and Hilde Frischmann, Betty Frischmann, Hermann Schwarz as well as Ernst and Rosa Schulhof, robbing jewelery, money and valuables. The official designation of these raids of the first days was "confiscations".

The deprivation of rights of the Jews took place on strike: On May 20, 1938, the "Nuremberg Racial Laws" were introduced, which had declared everyone to the full Jew, the three Jewish grandparents. Jews were deprived of the civil servant status and the power of lawyer. On July 23, 1938, the Reich Minister of the Interior ordered the identification card, for Jews with a large "J".

The additional name "Sara" or "Israel" had to be entered in all documents. The freedom of movement of Jews was severely restricted. In this way, they were systematically excluded from social life. In the case of an offense the consignment threatened to be sent to Dachau concentration camp.

The highlight of the stigma was the ordinance of September 1, 1941, to wear the yellow star visible on the outside. This made the stay on the road to a spit-roast run. At that time, the Jews of St. Pölten were forced to move to Vienna.

The last remained remained to leave the city and move to Vienna to mid-May 1940. With the decree of the Ministry of Interior and Cultural Affairs of 28 June 1940 the IKG St. Pölten was dissolved and integrated into the district of the IKG Vienna. At a meeting of the City Council on October 17, 1941, Lord Mayor Emmo Langer announced that St. Pölten was not only "judendfrei" (free of Jews) but also "zigeunerfrei" (free of Gypsies).